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Sourcecode: tahoe-lafs version File versions  Download package


import os, stat, time, weakref
from zope.interface import implements
from twisted.application import service
from twisted.internet import defer
from foolscap.api import Referenceable, DeadReferenceError, eventually
import allmydata # for __full_version__
from allmydata import interfaces, uri
from allmydata.storage.server import si_b2a
from allmydata.immutable import upload
from allmydata.immutable.layout import ReadBucketProxy
from allmydata.util.assertutil import precondition
from allmydata.util import idlib, log, observer, fileutil, hashutil, dictutil

class NotEnoughWritersError(Exception):

00020 class CHKCheckerAndUEBFetcher:
    """I check to see if a file is already present in the grid. I also fetch
    the URI Extension Block, which is useful for an uploading client who
    wants to avoid the work of encryption and encoding.

    I return False if the file is not completely healthy: i.e. if there are
    less than 'N' shares present.

    If the file is completely healthy, I return a tuple of (sharemap,
    UEB_data, UEB_hash).

    def __init__(self, peer_getter, storage_index, logparent=None):
        self._peer_getter = peer_getter
        self._found_shares = set()
        self._storage_index = storage_index
        self._sharemap = dictutil.DictOfSets()
        self._readers = set()
        self._ueb_hash = None
        self._ueb_data = None
        self._logparent = logparent

    def log(self, *args, **kwargs):
        if 'facility' not in kwargs:
            kwargs['facility'] = "tahoe.helper.chk.checkandUEBfetch"
        if 'parent' not in kwargs:
            kwargs['parent'] = self._logparent
        return log.msg(*args, **kwargs)

    def check(self):
        d = self._get_all_shareholders(self._storage_index)
        return d

    def _get_all_shareholders(self, storage_index):
        dl = []
        for (peerid, ss) in self._peer_getter(storage_index):
            d = ss.callRemote("get_buckets", storage_index)
            d.addCallbacks(self._got_response, self._got_error,
        return defer.DeferredList(dl)

    def _got_response(self, buckets, peerid):
        # buckets is a dict: maps shum to an rref of the server who holds it
        shnums_s = ",".join([str(shnum) for shnum in buckets])
        self.log("got_response: [%s] has %d shares (%s)" %
                 (idlib.shortnodeid_b2a(peerid), len(buckets), shnums_s),
        for k in buckets:
            self._sharemap.add(k, peerid)
        self._readers.update( [ (bucket, peerid)
                                for bucket in buckets.values() ] )

    def _got_error(self, f):
        if f.check(DeadReferenceError):
        log.err(f, parent=self._logparent)

    def _get_uri_extension(self, res):
        # assume that we can pull the UEB from any share. If we get an error,
        # declare the whole file unavailable.
        if not self._readers:
            self.log("no readers, so no UEB", level=log.NOISY)
        b,peerid = self._readers.pop()
        rbp = ReadBucketProxy(b, peerid, si_b2a(self._storage_index))
        d = rbp.get_uri_extension()
        return d

    def _got_uri_extension(self, ueb):
        self.log("_got_uri_extension", level=log.NOISY)
        self._ueb_hash = hashutil.uri_extension_hash(ueb)
        self._ueb_data = uri.unpack_extension(ueb)

    def _ueb_error(self, f):
        # an error means the file is unavailable, but the overall check
        # shouldn't fail.
        self.log("UEB fetch failed", failure=f, level=log.WEIRD, umid="sJLKVg")
        return None

    def _done(self, res):
        if self._ueb_data:
            found = len(self._found_shares)
            total = self._ueb_data['total_shares']
            self.log(format="got %(found)d shares of %(total)d",
                     found=found, total=total, level=log.NOISY)
            if found < total:
                # not all shares are present in the grid
                self.log("not enough to qualify, file not found in grid",
                return False
            # all shares are present
            self.log("all shares present, file is found in grid",
            return (self._sharemap, self._ueb_data, self._ueb_hash)
        # no shares are present
        self.log("unable to find UEB data, file not found in grid",
        return False

00127 class CHKUploadHelper(Referenceable, upload.CHKUploader):
    """I am the helper-server -side counterpart to AssistedUploader. I handle
    peer selection, encoding, and share pushing. I read ciphertext from the
    remote AssistedUploader.
    VERSION = { "http://allmydata.org/tahoe/protocols/helper/chk-upload/v1" :
                 { },
                "application-version": str(allmydata.__full_version__),

    def __init__(self, storage_index, helper,
                 incoming_file, encoding_file,
                 results, log_number):
        self._storage_index = storage_index
        self._helper = helper
        self._incoming_file = incoming_file
        self._encoding_file = encoding_file
        self._upload_id = si_b2a(storage_index)[:5]
        self._log_number = log_number
        self._results = results
        self._upload_status = upload.UploadStatus()
        self._upload_status.set_status("fetching ciphertext")
        self._upload_status.set_progress(0, 1.0)
        self._helper.log("CHKUploadHelper starting for SI %s" % self._upload_id,

        self._client = helper.parent
        self._fetcher = CHKCiphertextFetcher(self, incoming_file, encoding_file,
        self._reader = LocalCiphertextReader(self, storage_index, encoding_file)
        self._finished_observers = observer.OneShotObserverList()

        d = self._fetcher.when_done()
        d.addCallback(lambda res: self._reader.start())
        d.addCallback(lambda res: self.start_encrypted(self._reader))

    def log(self, *args, **kwargs):
        if 'facility' not in kwargs:
            kwargs['facility'] = "tahoe.helper.chk"
        return upload.CHKUploader.log(self, *args, **kwargs)

    def start(self):
        self._started = time.time()
        # determine if we need to upload the file. If so, return ({},self) .
        # If not, return (UploadResults,None) .
        self.log("deciding whether to upload the file or not", level=log.NOISY)
        if os.path.exists(self._encoding_file):
            # we have the whole file, and we might be encoding it (or the
            # encode/upload might have failed, and we need to restart it).
            self.log("ciphertext already in place", level=log.UNUSUAL)
            return (self._results, self)
        if os.path.exists(self._incoming_file):
            # we have some of the file, but not all of it (otherwise we'd be
            # encoding). The caller might be useful.
            self.log("partial ciphertext already present", level=log.UNUSUAL)
            return (self._results, self)
        # we don't remember uploading this file
        self.log("no ciphertext yet", level=log.NOISY)
        return (self._results, self)

    def remote_get_version(self):
        return self.VERSION

    def remote_upload(self, reader):
        # reader is an RIEncryptedUploadable. I am specified to return an
        # UploadResults dictionary.

        # let our fetcher pull ciphertext from the reader.
        # and also hashes

        # and inform the client when the upload has finished
        return self._finished_observers.when_fired()

    def _finished(self, uploadresults):
        precondition(isinstance(uploadresults.verifycapstr, str), uploadresults.verifycapstr)
        assert interfaces.IUploadResults.providedBy(uploadresults), uploadresults
        r = uploadresults
        v = uri.from_string(r.verifycapstr)
        r.uri_extension_hash = v.uri_extension_hash
        f_times = self._fetcher.get_times()
        r.timings["cumulative_fetch"] = f_times["cumulative_fetch"]
        r.ciphertext_fetched = self._fetcher.get_ciphertext_fetched()
        r.timings["total_fetch"] = f_times["total"]
        self._helper.upload_finished(self._storage_index, v.size)
        del self._reader

    def _failed(self, f):
        self.log(format="CHKUploadHelper(%(si)s) failed",
        self._helper.upload_finished(self._storage_index, 0)
        del self._reader

class AskUntilSuccessMixin:
    # create me with a _reader array
    _last_failure = None

    def add_reader(self, reader):

    def call(self, *args, **kwargs):
        if not self._readers:
            raise NotEnoughWritersError("ran out of assisted uploaders, last failure was %s" % self._last_failure)
        rr = self._readers[0]
        d = rr.callRemote(*args, **kwargs)
        def _err(f):
            self._last_failure = f
            if rr in self._readers:
            self._upload_helper.log("call to assisted uploader %s failed" % rr,
                                    failure=f, level=log.UNUSUAL)
            # we can try again with someone else who's left
            return self.call(*args, **kwargs)
        return d

00255 class CHKCiphertextFetcher(AskUntilSuccessMixin):
    """I use one or more remote RIEncryptedUploadable instances to gather
    ciphertext on disk. When I'm done, the file I create can be used by a
    LocalCiphertextReader to satisfy the ciphertext needs of a CHK upload

    I begin pulling ciphertext as soon as a reader is added. I remove readers
    when they have any sort of error. If the last reader is removed, I fire
    my when_done() Deferred with a failure.

    I fire my when_done() Deferred (with None) immediately after I have moved
    the ciphertext to 'encoded_file'.

    def __init__(self, helper, incoming_file, encoded_file, logparent):
        self._upload_helper = helper
        self._incoming_file = incoming_file
        self._encoding_file = encoded_file
        self._upload_id = helper._upload_id
        self._log_parent = logparent
        self._done_observers = observer.OneShotObserverList()
        self._readers = []
        self._started = False
        self._f = None
        self._times = {
            "cumulative_fetch": 0.0,
            "total": 0.0,
        self._ciphertext_fetched = 0

    def log(self, *args, **kwargs):
        if "facility" not in kwargs:
            kwargs["facility"] = "tahoe.helper.chkupload.fetch"
        if "parent" not in kwargs:
            kwargs["parent"] = self._log_parent
        return log.msg(*args, **kwargs)

    def add_reader(self, reader):
        AskUntilSuccessMixin.add_reader(self, reader)

    def _start(self):
        if self._started:
        self._started = True
        started = time.time()

        if os.path.exists(self._encoding_file):
            self.log("ciphertext already present, bypassing fetch",
            # we'll still need the plaintext hashes (when
            # LocalCiphertextReader.get_plaintext_hashtree_leaves() is
            # called), and currently the easiest way to get them is to ask
            # the sender for the last byte of ciphertext. That will provoke
            # them into reading and hashing (but not sending) everything
            # else.
            have = os.stat(self._encoding_file)[stat.ST_SIZE]
            d = self.call("read_encrypted", have-1, 1)
            d.addCallback(self._done2, started)

        # first, find out how large the file is going to be
        d = self.call("get_size")
        d.addCallback(self._done2, started)

    def _got_size(self, size):
        self.log("total size is %d bytes" % size, level=log.NOISY)
        self._expected_size = size

    def _start_reading(self, res):
        # then find out how much crypttext we have on disk
        if os.path.exists(self._incoming_file):
            self._have = os.stat(self._incoming_file)[stat.ST_SIZE]
            self.log("we already have %d bytes" % self._have, level=log.NOISY)
            self._have = 0
            self.log("we do not have any ciphertext yet", level=log.NOISY)
        self.log("starting ciphertext fetch", level=log.NOISY)
        self._f = open(self._incoming_file, "ab")

        # now loop to pull the data from the readers
        d = defer.Deferred()
        # this Deferred will be fired once the last byte has been written to
        # self._f
        return d

    # read data in 50kB chunks. We should choose a more considered number
    # here, possibly letting the client specify it. The goal should be to
    # keep the RTT*bandwidth to be less than 10% of the chunk size, to reduce
    # the upload bandwidth lost because this protocol is non-windowing. Too
    # large, however, means more memory consumption for both ends. Something
    # that can be transferred in, say, 10 seconds sounds about right. On my
    # home DSL line (50kBps upstream), that suggests 500kB. Most lines are
    # slower, maybe 10kBps, which suggests 100kB, and that's a bit more
    # memory than I want to hang on to, so I'm going to go with 50kB and see
    # how that works.
    CHUNK_SIZE = 50*1024

    def _loop(self, fire_when_done):
        # this slightly weird structure is needed because Deferreds don't do
        # tail-recursion, so it is important to let each one retire promptly.
        # Simply chaining them will cause a stack overflow at the end of a
        # transfer that involves more than a few hundred chunks.
        # 'fire_when_done' lives a long time, but the Deferreds returned by
        # the inner _fetch() call do not.
        start = time.time()
        d = defer.maybeDeferred(self._fetch)
        def _done(finished):
            elapsed = time.time() - start
            self._times["cumulative_fetch"] += elapsed
            if finished:
                self.log("finished reading ciphertext", level=log.NOISY)
        def _err(f):
            self.log(format="[%(si)s] ciphertext read failed",
                     si=self._upload_id, failure=f, level=log.UNUSUAL)
        d.addCallbacks(_done, _err)
        return None

    def _fetch(self):
        needed = self._expected_size - self._have
        fetch_size = min(needed, self.CHUNK_SIZE)
        if fetch_size == 0:
            self._upload_helper._upload_status.set_progress(1, 1.0)
            return True # all done
        percent = 0.0
        if self._expected_size:
            percent = 1.0 * (self._have+fetch_size) / self._expected_size
        self.log(format="fetching [%(si)s] %(start)d-%(end)d of %(total)d (%(percent)d%%)",
        d = self.call("read_encrypted", self._have, fetch_size)
        def _got_data(ciphertext_v):
            for data in ciphertext_v:
                self._have += len(data)
                self._ciphertext_fetched += len(data)
                self._upload_helper._helper.count("chk_upload_helper.fetched_bytes", len(data))
                self._upload_helper._upload_status.set_progress(1, percent)
            return False # not done
        return d

    def _done(self, res):
        self._f = None
        self.log(format="done fetching ciphertext, size=%(size)d",
        os.rename(self._incoming_file, self._encoding_file)

    def _done2(self, _ignored, started):
        self.log("done2", level=log.NOISY)
        elapsed = time.time() - started
        self._times["total"] = elapsed
        self._readers = []

    def _failed(self, f):
        if self._f:
        self._readers = []

    def when_done(self):
        return self._done_observers.when_fired()

    def get_times(self):
        return self._times

    def get_ciphertext_fetched(self):
        return self._ciphertext_fetched

class LocalCiphertextReader(AskUntilSuccessMixin):

    def __init__(self, upload_helper, storage_index, encoding_file):
        self._readers = []
        self._upload_helper = upload_helper
        self._storage_index = storage_index
        self._encoding_file = encoding_file
        self._status = None

    def start(self):
        self._size = os.stat(self._encoding_file)[stat.ST_SIZE]
        self.f = open(self._encoding_file, "rb")

    def get_size(self):
        return defer.succeed(self._size)

    def get_all_encoding_parameters(self):
        return self.call("get_all_encoding_parameters")

    def get_storage_index(self):
        return defer.succeed(self._storage_index)

    def read_encrypted(self, length, hash_only):
        assert hash_only is False
        d = defer.maybeDeferred(self.f.read, length)
        d.addCallback(lambda data: [data])
        return d

    def close(self):
        # ??. I'm not sure if it makes sense to forward the close message.
        return self.call("close")

class Helper(Referenceable, service.MultiService):
    implements(interfaces.RIHelper, interfaces.IStatsProducer)
    # this is the non-distributed version. When we need to have multiple
    # helpers, this object will become the HelperCoordinator, and will query
    # the farm of Helpers to see if anyone has the storage_index of interest,
    # and send the request off to them. If nobody has it, we'll choose a
    # helper at random.

    name = "helper"
    VERSION = { "http://allmydata.org/tahoe/protocols/helper/v1" :
                 { },
                "application-version": str(allmydata.__full_version__),
    chk_upload_helper_class = CHKUploadHelper

    def __init__(self, basedir, stats_provider=None):
        self._basedir = basedir
        self._chk_incoming = os.path.join(basedir, "CHK_incoming")
        self._chk_encoding = os.path.join(basedir, "CHK_encoding")
        self._active_uploads = {}
        self._all_uploads = weakref.WeakKeyDictionary() # for debugging
        self._all_upload_statuses = weakref.WeakKeyDictionary()
        self._recent_upload_statuses = []
        self.stats_provider = stats_provider
        if stats_provider:
        self._counters = {"chk_upload_helper.upload_requests": 0,
                          "chk_upload_helper.upload_already_present": 0,
                          "chk_upload_helper.upload_need_upload": 0,
                          "chk_upload_helper.resumes": 0,
                          "chk_upload_helper.fetched_bytes": 0,
                          "chk_upload_helper.encoded_bytes": 0,

    def setServiceParent(self, parent):
        service.MultiService.setServiceParent(self, parent)

    def log(self, *args, **kwargs):
        if 'facility' not in kwargs:
            kwargs['facility'] = "tahoe.helper"
        return self.parent.log(*args, **kwargs)

    def count(self, key, value=1):
        if self.stats_provider:
            self.stats_provider.count(key, value)
        self._counters[key] += value

    def get_stats(self):
        OLD = 86400*2 # 48hours
        now = time.time()
        inc_count = inc_size = inc_size_old = 0
        enc_count = enc_size = enc_size_old = 0
        inc = os.listdir(self._chk_incoming)
        enc = os.listdir(self._chk_encoding)
        for f in inc:
            s = os.stat(os.path.join(self._chk_incoming, f))
            size = s[stat.ST_SIZE]
            mtime = s[stat.ST_MTIME]
            inc_count += 1
            inc_size += size
            if now - mtime > OLD:
                inc_size_old += size
        for f in enc:
            s = os.stat(os.path.join(self._chk_encoding, f))
            size = s[stat.ST_SIZE]
            mtime = s[stat.ST_MTIME]
            enc_count += 1
            enc_size += size
            if now - mtime > OLD:
                enc_size_old += size
        stats = { 'chk_upload_helper.active_uploads': len(self._active_uploads),
                  'chk_upload_helper.incoming_count': inc_count,
                  'chk_upload_helper.incoming_size': inc_size,
                  'chk_upload_helper.incoming_size_old': inc_size_old,
                  'chk_upload_helper.encoding_count': enc_count,
                  'chk_upload_helper.encoding_size': enc_size,
                  'chk_upload_helper.encoding_size_old': enc_size_old,
        return stats

    def remote_get_version(self):
        return self.VERSION

    def remote_upload_chk(self, storage_index):
        r = upload.UploadResults()
        started = time.time()
        si_s = si_b2a(storage_index)
        lp = self.log(format="helper: upload_chk query for SI %(si)s", si=si_s)
        incoming_file = os.path.join(self._chk_incoming, si_s)
        encoding_file = os.path.join(self._chk_encoding, si_s)
        if storage_index in self._active_uploads:
            self.log("upload is currently active", parent=lp)
            uh = self._active_uploads[storage_index]
            return uh.start()

        d = self._check_for_chk_already_in_grid(storage_index, r, lp)
        def _checked(already_present):
            elapsed = time.time() - started
            r.timings['existence_check'] = elapsed
            if already_present:
                # the necessary results are placed in the UploadResults
                self.log("file already found in grid", parent=lp)
                return (r, None)

            # the file is not present in the grid, by which we mean there are
            # less than 'N' shares available.
            self.log("unable to find file in the grid", parent=lp,
            # We need an upload helper. Check our active uploads again in
            # case there was a race.
            if storage_index in self._active_uploads:
                self.log("upload is currently active", parent=lp)
                uh = self._active_uploads[storage_index]
                self.log("creating new upload helper", parent=lp)
                uh = self.chk_upload_helper_class(storage_index, self,
                                                  incoming_file, encoding_file,
                                                  r, lp)
                self._active_uploads[storage_index] = uh
            return uh.start()
        def _err(f):
            self.log("error while checking for chk-already-in-grid",
                     failure=f, level=log.WEIRD, parent=lp, umid="jDtxZg")
            return f
        return d

    def _check_for_chk_already_in_grid(self, storage_index, results, lp):
        # see if this file is already in the grid
        lp2 = self.log("doing a quick check+UEBfetch",
                       parent=lp, level=log.NOISY)
        sb = self.parent.get_storage_broker()
        c = CHKCheckerAndUEBFetcher(sb.get_servers_for_index, storage_index, lp2)
        d = c.check()
        def _checked(res):
            if res:
                (sharemap, ueb_data, ueb_hash) = res
                self.log("found file in grid", level=log.NOISY, parent=lp)
                results.uri_extension_hash = ueb_hash
                results.sharemap = sharemap
                results.uri_extension_data = ueb_data
                results.preexisting_shares = len(sharemap)
                results.pushed_shares = 0
                return True
            return False
        return d

    def _add_upload(self, uh):
        self._all_uploads[uh] = None
        s = uh.get_upload_status()
        self._all_upload_statuses[s] = None
        while len(self._recent_upload_statuses) > self.MAX_UPLOAD_STATUSES:

    def upload_finished(self, storage_index, size):
        # this is called with size=0 if the upload failed
        self.count("chk_upload_helper.encoded_bytes", size)
        uh = self._active_uploads[storage_index]
        del self._active_uploads[storage_index]
        s = uh.get_upload_status()

    def get_all_upload_statuses(self):
        return self._all_upload_statuses

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